Regulations for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Passenger Cars and Trucks
On this page:
- EPA midterm evaluation of GHG emissions standards
- Annual reports
- List of related regulations
The national program for greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles (passenger cars and trucks) was developed jointly by EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
The standards were established in two phases:
- Phase 1 - Model years 2012 - 2016; and
- Phase 2 - Model years 2017 - 2025.
Together the final standards are projected to:
- Result in an average industry fleetwide level of 163 grams/mile of carbon dioxide (CO2) in model year 2025, which is equivalent to 54.5 miles per gallon (mpg) (if achieved exclusively through fuel economy improvements);
- Cut 6 billion metric tons of GHG over the lifetimes of the vehicles sold in model years 2012-2025;
- Save families more than $1.7 trillion in fuel costs; and
- Reduce America’s dependence on oil by more than 2 million barrels per day in 2025.
- Final Rule for Model Year 2017 and Later Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards
- Final Rule for Model Year 2012 - 2016 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards
EPA Midterm Evaluation of GHG Emissions Standards
As part of the 2017-2025 standards rulemaking, EPA made a regulatory commitment to conduct a Midterm Evaluation of the longer-term standards for model years 2022-2025, in coordination with NHTSA and the California Air Resources Board.
Learn more about the midterm evaluation process:
EPA issues annual reports on vehicle manufacturers' performance in meeting the GHG emissions standards, and on light duty fuel economy and GHG emission trends since 1975.
Click the links below to read the reports:
- GHG Emission Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles: Manufacturer Performance Report
- Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends Report
List of Related Regulations
Below is a list of all regulations related to GHG emissions from light-duty passenger cars and trucks.
For help on using the table:
- Regulatory impact analyses;
- Comment summaries;
- Rule histories; and
- Fact sheets.