National Estuary Program (NEP)

Financing Strategies Used by the National Estuary Program

On average, the National Estuary Programs (NEPs) raise $18 for every $1 provided by EPA. The NEPs successfully leverage federal seed money by:

  • developing finance plans
  • building strategic alliances
  • demonstrating environmental results
  • providing seed money or staff to initiate and develop new funding sources such as stormwater utilities

Figure 1: NEP Primary Leveraged Dollars: 2003 to 2013. The graph shows Cumulative Primary Leveraging increasing from approximately $0.2 billion to $4.2 billion from 2003 to 2013. Cumulative Section 320 funding increasing from approximately $0.0 billion to approximately $0.2 billion.

Over the 2003-2013 period, the NEPs leveraged $4.2 billion from $230 million in EPA grants. This additional funding came from a variety of federal, state, local and private sources through such mechanisms as:

  • annual membership appeals
  • license plate revenues
  • fines and penalties
  • state appropriations
  • intergovernmental agreements

There are many sustainable funding examples from the NEPs.

Figure 2: Primary Leveraging Investments: 2005 to 2013 ($3.5 billion). Wastewater 46.0%, Sewer (CSO) 6.7%, Restoration 11.1%, Monitor/Rsrch. 4.2%, NPS/Stormwater 7.9%, Land Acquisition 17.6%, Administration 2.7%, Other 3.7%

The NEPs use leveraged resources to:

Note: Leveraged dollars are defined as the dollar value (cash or in-kind equivalent) of resources dedicated to implementing an NEP CCMP above and beyond the funding provided to the NEP under Section 320, including earmark funding. "Primaryā€¯ leveraging indicates that the NEP Director and staff, rather than NEP partners, played the central or leadership role in obtaining the additional resources.

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