Global Methane Initiative

What the U.S. is Doing in the Global Methane Initiative

The U.S. government plays a leading role in the Initiative. Six major agencies and departments across the federal government are providing technical expertise and leadership on the Initiative's Steering Committee and subcommittees; facilitating communication and outreach activities by serving as the Initiative's Administrative Support Group (ASG) or secretariat; and working with other Partner Countries, the private sector, and other organizations to develop and support methane recovery and use projects around the world.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency seal

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Plays a key role in the GMI by building on the success of the Agency's methane programs. EPA also serves as the Initiative Steering Committee chair and supports the ASG, which performs all of the Initiative administrative tasks (e.g., maintains website, sends member e-mails, coordinates meetings). Learn about EPA's sector-based methane partnership programs.

U.S. Department of State seal

Department of State
Leads international climate change policy and activities. Learn more about Global Climate Change at the Department of State.

U.S. Department of Energy seal

Department of Energy (DOE)
Contributes valuable expertise in natural gas and coal mine methane technologies. Visit DOE's International Cooperation website.

U.S. Trade and Development Agency seal

U.S. Trade and Development Agency (U.S. TDA)
Facilitates development in emerging markets by promoting U.S. partnerships in high priority overseas projects. Learn how U.S. TDA links businesses to opportunities.

U.S. Agency for International Development seal

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
Provides important technical expertise in the economic reform of energy sectors to create markets that support private sector projects in developing countries and those with economies in transition. Explore USAID's Environment and Global Climate Change website.

U.S. Department of Agriculture seal

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Lends technical expertise in the animal waste management sector. See how USDA supports climate solutions

For more information, view the U.S. Government’s Global Methane Initiative Accomplishments report.

A Closer Look at U.S. Efforts

  • What efforts are being made in the United States to capture and use methane emissions?

    U.S. industries—along with state and local governments—collaborate with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to implement several voluntary programs that promote profitable opportunities for reducing emissions of methane. These programs are designed to overcome a wide range of informational, technical, and institutional barriers to reducing methane emissions, while creating profitable activities for the coal, natural gas, petroleum, landfill, and agricultural industries.

    Many of the available methane emission reduction opportunities involve the recovery of methane emissions and use of the methane as fuel for electricity generation, on-site uses, or off-site sales of methane. For example, in the case of coal mining methane is removed from underground mines either in advance of mining, during mining activities, or after mining has occurred to reduce explosion hazards. Instead of releasing this methane to the atmosphere, profitable uses for the methane can be identified and implemented. Some of these options include natural gas pipeline injection, power production, co-firing in boilers, district heating, coal drying, and vehicle fuel.

  • Have efforts to reduce methane emissions in the United States been successful?

    The collective results of EPA’s voluntary methane partnership programs, which started in 1993 and 1994, have been substantial. These programs – AgSTAR, Natural Gas STAR, Landfill Methane Outreach Program, and Coalbed Methane Outreach Program – reduced U.S. emissions by 76.4 MMTCO2e in 2014. EPA expects that these programs will maintain significant emissions reductions in the future due to expanded industry participation and the continuing commitment of the participating companies, municipalities, and other organizations to identify and implement cost-effective technologies and practices.

  • What contributions has the U.S. made to the Initiative?

    As of 2015, the Initiative’s efforts have resulted in a cumulative reduction of 230 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent. Please see the latest U.S. Government’s Global Methane Initiative Accomplishments report for a summary of the contributions of participating U.S. government agencies and highlights of projects and activities.