Dry Cleaning Facilities: National Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards

Rule Summary

These maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards will reduce emissions of Perchloroethylene (PCE) from new and existing dry cleaning facilities in the industrial and commercial sectors of the dry cleaning industry. Coin operated dry cleaning machines are exempt from the standards.

The final rule will reduce PCE emissions by an estimated 5,700 tons per year and will result in a net cost savings.

By the fifteenth year, the final rule will reduce PCE emissions from co- residential sources by an additional 317 tons/year. Cancer risks from all co- residential sources will be eliminated by the fifteenth year.

Rule History

07/11/2008 - Withdrawn Direct Final Rule & Final Action on Proposed Rule

04/01/2008 - Proposed Rule & Direct Final Rule

09/21/2006 - Federal Register Correction

07/27/2006 - Final Rule

02/06/2006 - Proposed Rule & Extension of Comment Period

12/21/2005 - Proposed Rule (National Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning)

06/23/2003 – Final Rule; Clarification to Existing National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Delegations' Provisions

12/14/1999 – Final Rule; Amendments

09/19/1996 - Final Amendments to the Rule

06/03/1996 - Final Rule

05/03/1996 - Proposed Amendments to the Rule

12/13/1995 - Proposed Rule; Amendment

12/20/1993 - Final Rule

09/22/1993 - Final Rule

12/09/1991 - Proposed Rule & Notice of Public Hearing (National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Categories: Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities)

Additional Resources

EPA has announced the first 10 chemicals it will evaluate for potential risks to human health and the environment under TSCA reform. One of the first ten chemicals to be evaluated is tetrachloroethylene, also known as perchloroethylene or perc. Learn more about these 10 chemicals and EPA’s risk evaluations for existing chemicals.

Fact Sheets - Air Toxics Standards for Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaners

Risk Assessment: Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaners Refined Human Health Risk Characterization

View the supporting documents in the docket folder to find additional related documents to this rule.

Related Rules

Control Technique Guidance: Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Large Petroleum Dry Cleaners

Petroleum Dry Cleaners: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)


Applicability Determination Letters for 40 C.F.R. Part 63 Subpart M, National Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning Facilities