Sustainable Marketplace: Greener Products and Services

Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program History

This page provides a history of the Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) Program from 2009 to 1993. Learn more about each year of the EPP Program by clicking on the following links.

2009 | 2008
2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003
2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998
1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1993





  • Office of Management and Budget releases the first Environmental Stewardship Scorecard, rating agencies on their progress in the areas of environmental management systems, green purchasing, sustainable building, electronics stewardship, and compliance management
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) approves the 1680-2006 Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products; IEEE 1680 is the first Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) standard for green desktops, laptops and monitors.
  • Electronics manufacturers submit the first EPEAT-registered computer desktops, laptops and monitors Exit
  • Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers Exitis made available on the Whole Building Design Guide Exit
  • White House hosts Summit on Sustainable Federal Buildings
  • Nineteen federal agencies sign Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (PDF) Exit(10 pp, 152 KB)
  • EPA publishes revised Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Guides for carpets, janitorial products, copiers, meetings/conferences
  • EPA and the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive release the Green Cleaning Pollution Prevention Calculator
  • EPA publishes Promoting Green Purchasing: Tools and Resources to Quantify the Benefits of EPP
  • Office of the Federal Environmental Executive hosts 2006 Federal Environmental Symposium, which includes tracks on green purchasing, sustainable buildings and electronics stewardship


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  • Federal Electronics Challenge launches, promoting electronics stewardship in the federal government including purchase of environmentally preferable electronics
  • Twelve federal agencies sign Promoting Sustainable Environmental Stewardship of Federal Electronic Assets Memorandum of Understanding
  • International Green Purchasing Network Exitestablished, hosted by Japan's Green Purchasing Network
  • EPA publishes Federal Registrar notice requesting comments on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Guides; provides Response to Comments
  • EPA publishes Buying Green Online: Greening Government E-Procurement of Office Supplies


  • Federal Green Construction Guide for Specifiers Exitundergoes public review
  • Federal Electronics Challenge pilots with five federal agencies
  • Stakeholders participate in workshop to discuss development of the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)
  • National Park Service designates 20 parks as Centers for Environmental Innovation in ongoing partnership with EPA






  • President Clinton signs Executive Order 13101 - Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition, September 1998 (PDF) (11 pp, 98 KB) (Revoked by Executive Order 13243 (PDF) (7 pp, 105 KB))
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology introduces the Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) software (version 1.0), with support from EPA
  • EPA publishes Environmental Labeling Issues, Policies, and Practices Worldwide
  • EPA and the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive issue guidance on the Pilot Project Approach on Use of Non-Governmental Entities, to test the utility of various means of using non-governmental entities to achieve environmentally preferable purchasing goals

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  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and EPA initiate study examining innovative environmental purchasing programs in OECD member countries


  • EPA publishes Proposed Guidance on Acquisition of Environmentally Preferable Products and Services
  • EPA hosts public meeting, accepts written comments, on Proposed Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Guidance


  • Concept paper on environmentally preferable purchasing drafted, followed by public meeting and stakeholder meetings


  • President Clinton signs Executive Order 12873 - Federal Acquisition, Recycling and Waste Prevention, October 1993 (Revoked by Executive Order 13101), initiating EPA's work on environmentally preferable purchasing
  • General Services Administration and EPA initiate the first environmentally preferable purchasing pilot project on cleaning products