Green Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure and Surface Water Impacts

WaterfallGreen infrastructure practices have the potential to positively impact surface waters at a variety of spatial scales including site, city, and watershed. These resources discuss water quality and water quantity benefits associated with green infrastructure.

Bean, E., W. Hunt, and D. Bidelspach. 2007. Evaluation of four permeable pavement sites in eastern North Carolina for runoff reduction and water quality impacts Exit. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 133(6):583.

Bean, E., W. Hunt, and D. Bidelspach. 2007. Field survey of permeable pavement surface infiltration rates Exit. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 133(3):249.

Bedan, E., and J. Clausen. 2009. Stormwater runoff quality and quantity from traditional and low impact development watersheds Exit. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45(4):908–1008.

Brattebo, B., and D. Booth. 2003. Long-term stormwater quantity and quality performance of permeable pavement systems Exit. Water Research 37(18):4369–4376.  

Casey Trees and LimnoTech, Inc. 2007. The Green Build-out Model: Quantifying the Stormwater Management Benefits of Trees and Green Roofs in Washington, DC (PDF)(111 pp, 1.4 MB, About PDF) Exit.

Center for Watershed Protection and Chesapeake Stormwater Network. 2008. Runoff Reduction Method Technical Memo - Appendix F: BMP Research Summary Tables Exit.

Center for Watershed Protection. 2007. National Pollutant Removal Performance Database, Version 3 (PDF)(10 pp, 1.2 MB, About PDF) Exit. Ellicott City, MD.

Davis, A., J. Stagge, E. Jamil, and H. Kim 2011. Hydraulic performance of grass swales for managing highway runoff Exit. Water Research 46(20): 6775-6786.  

Dietz, M. E., and J. C. Clausen. 2008. Stormwater runoff and export changes with development in a traditional and low impact subdivision Exit. Journal of Environmental Management 87:560–566.

Dreelin, E., L. Fowler, and C. Carroll. 2006. A test of porous pavement effectiveness on clay soils during natural storm events Exit. Water Research 40(4):799–805.

Hood, M. J., J. C. Clausen, and G. Warner. 2007. Comparison of stormwater lag times for low impact and traditional residential development (PDF)(11 pp, 464 K, About PDFExit. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43:1036–1046.

Jaffe, M., M. Zellner, E. Minor, M. Gonzales-Meler, L.B. Cotner, D. Massey, H. Ahmed, M. Elberts, H. Sprague, S. Wise, and B. Miller et al. 2010. Illinois Green Infrastructure Study (PDF)(126 pp, 13.7 K, About PDF) Exit University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.

Kaufman, M., and M. Wurtz. 2007. Hydraulic and economic benefits of downspout diversion Exit. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 33(2):491–497.

Douglas County, Colorado : Sustainability Initiative, Colorado Water Conservation Board, Leonard Rice Engineers. 2007. Holistic Approach to Sustainable Water Management in Northwest Douglas County Exit.

Riverkeeper. 2008. Sustainable Raindrops (PDF)(40 pp, 2.3 MB, About PDFExit. Riverkeeper, Tarrytown, NY.

Rowe, B. 2011. Green roofs as a means of pollution abatement Exit. Environmental Pollution 159(8-9):2100–2110.

UNH Stormwater Center. 2010. 2009 Biannual Report (PDF)(36 pp, 13.7 MB, About PDFExit. University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center, Durham, NH.

US EPA. 2009. Green Roofs for Stormwater Runoff Control (PDF). Publication No. EPA/600/R-09/026 | Abstract. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.   

USGS. 2008. A Comparison of Runoff Quality and Quantity from Two Small Basins Undergoing Implementation of Conventional and Low-Impact Development (LID) Strategies: Cross Plains, Wisconsin, Water Years 1999-2005 (PDF)(68 pp, 5.6 MB, About PDFExit. USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5008. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

USGS. 2010. Effects of Low-Impact Development (LID) Practices on Streamflow, Runoff Quantity, and Runoff Quality in the Ipswich River Basin, Massachusetts: A Summary of Field and Modeling Studies. USGS Circular 1361. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.

VanWoert N., B. Rowe, J. Andresen, C. Rugh, R. Fernandez, and L. Xiao. 2005. Green roof stormwater retention: Effects of roof surface, slope, and media depth (PDF)(9 pp, 4.1 MB, About PDF) ExitJournal of Environmental Quality 34(3):1036–1044.

Wright Water Engineers, Inc. and Geosyntec Consultants. International Stormwater BMP Database.

Xiao, Q., and E. McPherson. 2011. Performance of engineered soil and trees in a parking lot bioswales (PDF)(14 pp, 2 MB, About PDFExit. Urban Water Journal 8(4):241–253.