ACT: At the Beach

When you are enjoying the beach, such simple acts as putting your trash in the proper receptacles and using walkovers instead of walking across the sensitive dune systems can maintain the beach for continued use by you and others. Take a “Leave No Trace” approach to prevent and minimize harm to the beach during your next beach outing. The actions below will help you enjoy the beach while minimizing the footprint that you leave.

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Stay on Trails and Boardwalks

Photo of sign to keep off the dunes and beach grass
Example of warning sign protecting dunes and beach grass.

Always use defined trails and boardwalks instead of walking across the sensitive dunes. This will help reduce erosion and protect animal and plant species from harm. Keep in mind that beaches are home to many different types of wildlife. Some animals, including sea turtles and birds, use beaches as nesting areas. Other animals may use sand dunes for both food and nesting areas. To avoid disturbing wildlife and plants, observe any signs that identify certain areas of the beach to avoid.

Prevent Trash and Litter Pollution

Any man-made solid material, including trash and litter, that ends up in the ocean is commonly referred to as “marine debris.” Marine debris is a problem affecting beaches, coastal waters, estuaries, and oceans throughout the world. You can help prevent trash and litter pollution by making good decisions on land or at sea when disposing of trash and other wastes.

Marine debris at the beach (Source: NOAA)

While at the beach or outdoors,

  • make sure to dispose of trash properly in waste and recycling receptacles.
  • If receptacles are not available, bring an extra bag with you so that you can bring your trash home.
  • If your children use diapers, be sure to dispose of them properly in a receptacle.
  • If you are fishing at the beach, be sure to collect and dispose of any broken or used fishing line.

At home, remember to reduce, reuse, and recycle to minimize wastes and prevent trash and litter from ending up in the ocean.

Reduce, reuse and recycle the things you take to the beach. Whenever possible, pack food and beverages in reusable containers. This helps minimize the amount of trash that is brought to the beach and reduces the potential for it to end up in the ocean.

Do Not Feed Birds or Wildlife

Photo of seagull on a pier piling
Seagulls contribute to beach pollution.

Seagulls, birds, and other wildlife can become accustomed to being fed by humans. Feeding the wildlife can cause them to spend more time at popular bathing beaches and leave more waste behind. Bird waste, as well as waste from other wildlife, can increase the harmful microorganisms on the beach and in the water.

Pick Up after Your Animals

If you bring your animal to the beach with you, make sure that you pick up any waste they may leave behind. Bacteria from dog or horse waste can contribute to poor water quality and pose a risk to swimmers and other beach goers.

Prevent Pollution from Boats

Always pump out boat sewage in onshore sanitary facilities instead of dumping it into the water.

No Discharge Zones (NDZs)
NDZs prohibit discharge of both treated and untreated sewage from vessels. Within NDZ boundaries, vessel operators are required to keep their sewage discharges onboard for disposal at sea (beyond three miles from shore) or onshore at a pump-out facility.

Clean Up Beaches

Photo of kid with bucket cleaning up at the beach
Kids can do a lot to help clean up beaches!

Participate in a beach, river, or stream cleanup event in your area and make a difference! By removing trash and other debris from around your local waterway, you are helping to keep your water clean and safe from pollution! Cleanup events are often held throughout the year by local environmental groups, municipalities or state and federal agencies. Contact your state or local Parks and Recreation Department or environmental organizations such as the Ocean Conservancy for information about beach cleanups in your area. And, if you don’t see a cleanup scheduled in your area, you can always organize your own!

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