Implementation is the set of activities to ensure that control strategies are put into effect and that air quality goals and standards are fulfilled.

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Important elements for successful implementation

  1. A regulatory program with implementation deadlines;
  2. Clearly defined roles and responsibilities;
  3. Assessment and reporting; and
  4. Compliance and enforcement programs.

In the United States, state, local and tribal governments typically implement national air quality programs and rules. Regulations should also clearly define the requirements for the regulated industry.

Ambient air monitoring, emissions measurement, and analysis of trends in emissions and air quality are important tools to assess if control strategies are working to achieve the air quality goals. Results should be reported to the appropriate regulatory authority and made available to the public. 

Permitting programs

Regulatory entities can establish permitting programs to help implement air quality goals.  In a permitting program, a regulatory entity issues authorizations or permits to owners or operators of air pollution sources to do something, such as to construct a new facility or to operate a facility. 

The New Source Review Permitting program in the United States requires stationary sources of air pollution to get permits before construction starts. 

The Operating Permit program in the United States ensures that air quality control requirements applied to stationary sources are in place and met.

Additional information